London is the capital of the United Kingdom. Located in Western Europe, in the southeastern part of Great Britain in the lower reaches of the River Thames. This is the most powerful economic center in the European Union and the world. It is called the financial capital of Europe. But the city is important not only for the continent and is also one of the three most important financial centers of the world. The other two are New York and Tokyo. London is home for more than 14 million people. Most of them are immigrants from different parts of the world. Iconic for London River Thames has been marked by numerous bridges that connect the two parts of the city.
London Tower Bridge
The most famous among them is the Tower Bridge , built in the 19th century the Castel Tower, as known as the Tower of London, and hence the name. Not less attractive is the bridge and London Bridge.
It is located slightly west of Tower Bridge and next to it and the popular Millenium Bridge. The latter is the newest and modern bridge over the Thames and the first completely pedestrian area. It is open on June 10, 2000, and then pass through it between 80 to 100 thousand.
London Tower Bridge
London Bridge was built in the downtown, linking the center with neighborhood Southwark. Situated between Cannon Street Railway Bridge and Tower Bridge, London Bridge forms the western part of London called pool. The bridge can be easily reached by subway, so it must be down to the station London Bridge station.
It is located on the southern Mondotte Bridge and close to visiting the beautiful Cathedral Southwark Cathedral. From north of London Bridge underground station is Monument tube station, named after the monument Monument to the Great Fire of London. There is a bus stop, which stops passengers directly to the main entrance of the street, London Bridge Street.
London Bridge is the oldest station in the capital and was inaugurated in 1836. London Bridge is the only bridge over the Thames from Kingston Nadauld (Kingston) before Putney Bridge to be open to traffic in 1729. If you need to trace the deep history of London Bridge to get to Roman times, 2000 years ago.
The London Eye is probably the “youngest” of the wonders of the world. Aged more than 10 years, the London Eye has evolved into a symbol of the largest urban area in Europe – the British capital- London.
London Eye was erected on the south bank of the River Thames at the western end of Jubilee Gardens and is considered the fourth highest in the capital structure and the highest such structure in entertainment across Europe about the time of its construction. Later it was shifted from Star of Nanchang, reaching 160 meters and opened in May 2006, and later by the Singapore Flyer (165 m) high, 11 February 2008. Built by British Airways, London Eye and today belongs to the Merlin Enterteynments, owners of the famous Madame Tussauds.
With spectacular celebration London Eye was officially opened on December 31, 1999 by Prime Minister Tony Blair. By July 2002 it was visited by over 8.5 million people, and in June 2008 the number of people reached 30 million. Although the original plan was to run the London Eye only 5 years later the municipality Lambeth , in whose territory the attraction, decided to turn the wheel a permanent attraction. From January 1 2005 is becoming a tradition Londoners to welcome the new year here, accompanied by a 10-minute fireworks that shoot and from the wheel. Cultural, historical sights in the British capital-London is so much that hardly a few weeks are enough to explore them.
Emblematic places that are sort of calling card of London English Parliament, Big Ben , Westminster Abbey, who built an incredible complex of Westminster Palace. Complex with its spectacular architecture, cult headed by Big Ben are located along the banks of the River Thames, in the most relevant part of London – Westminster . Westminster Palace, Westminster Abbey and Saint Margaret Church are listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
British Parliament in London stems from the first Westminster Palace, which was built in the 13th century by Edward the Confessor. He remains one of the royal palaces of all English monarchs to the management of Henry Vlll, when a devastating fire destroyed much of the building.
After restoration the building was turned into the seat of government. In the following centuries a second fire was the cause of Westminster Palace to Grey in the beautiful Renaissance Gothic architectural style that we see today. One of the remarkable parts of the complex and around the unmistakable emblem of London is the tower of St. Stephen or better known as Big Ben.
Actually Big Ben is the name of the bell, which is located in the tower, which is considered the largest bell, which is inserted into the clockwork. Big Ben is a clock tower that is part of the architectural complex of Westminster Palace. The unique appearance and impressive architecture, Big Ben is one of the most popular symbols of Britain.
St. Paul’s Cathedral
St. Paul’s Cathedral in London is one of the most impressive and beautiful cathedrals in Europe. Huge amounts are impressive, and its dome height is only surpassed by that of St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome. In essence, St. Paul Cathedral in London was the seat of the bishop of the English capital. In parallel, Saint Paul is one of the greatest historical and religious sites in the city. Situated on a Ludgate Hill St Paul dominates the so-called City of London, which is the financial district of the British capital. St. Paul’s Cathedral is the highest point here.
This temple of Saint Paul was built in 17 and 18 century, between 1675 and 1710. Centuries before, however this place was religious buildings such as St. Paul today is the fourth of this London area and, according to some sources even fifth. Immediate predecessor of St. Paul was totally destroyed in the great fire of London in 1666. Well before this, even before the advent of Christianity in these lands, the temple at the site of today’s St. Paul was a sacred place and is honored exactly.
With its 111 m height of St. Paul Cathedral is the tallest building in London in the years between 1710 and 1962. Many important events in the royal court were held in St. Paul over the centuries. Royal family usually holds most of its important marriages, christenings and funerals at Westminster Abbey, but St. Paul is where married Prince Charles, Prince of Wales and Lady Diana Spencer, died in the unfortunate accident.
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