With a population approximately 30 000 San Marino has the status of the republic and claims to be the oldest country in the world because of 1700′s old history. On Sep 03 301 San Marino began to exist as an independent province of the Roman Empire, which continued for centuries until today. San Marino is a republic, extending to 61 square miles and is the capital town.
San Marino is located in the northeastern foothills of Apennines in Italy, the slope of the hill Titano (783 m), 18 km from the Adriatic Sea. About 10 km Rimini is a seaside resort, where is the nearest airport. In the city of San Marino does not have many options for accommodation, so most tourists choose Rimini accommodation, which are even cheaper on the coast.
San Marino is one of the smaller countries in the world. It is the third most small European country after the Vatican and Monaco. San Marino is 20 times larger than Monaco and is half the size of Liechtenstein. Of all the countries of San Marino is surrounded by Italy, which is why the republic is dependent on economic, trade and cultural terms by the Italians. The people of San Marino speak Italian pretty neat.
According to legend, San Marino was founded 301 by Christian stonemason Marino, who managed to escape from anti-Christian Roman Empire of Diocletian. Coming from Dalmatia Marino reached the summit of Mount Titan and there organized a small group of people followers of Christianity.
In San Marino, there are several cities that are more industrial centers and are not as exciting as the very capital of San Marino, located on Titan. As smoke “San Marino: Historic Centre and Mount Titano” historical center of San Marino on the list of World Heritage by UNESCO in 2008. The tour of the historic center is quite an exciting experience. It is small and has only a few streets on which it is possible to pass a small car. Undoubted attractions of San Marino are called.
Three towers, which are medieval castles and towers- the largest and oldest of them is Guaita Fortress, built in 11 century. It and two other towers, fortresses, which were built after Guaita - De La Fratta and Montale tower, surround the entire city of San Marino. Guaita for some time used as a prison, and today its dungeons are extremely attractive to tourists. This fortress, together with the other two castles are an integral part of the coat of arms of San Marino.
Piazza della Libertà in San Marino
On the main square, Piazza della Liberta is the government building, which was recently restored by the architect Gae Aulenti. On this square are two state institutions of the Republic of San Marino – parliament and their Excellencies Captain-Regent.
Basilica of the Saint in San Marino
Among the other attractions of San Marino are the Basilica of the Saint, Church of San Pietro, where beds and Leo Marinus Saints, Church of San Francesco, where you can see the art gallery, church of the Cappuccini and the State Museum of San Marino.
The entire historic center of San Marino is charming with its medieval atmosphere. The long history of San Marino and lengthy periods of peace are now cause small country and its capital to keep a significant number of works of art, including paintings by famous Italian artists of the Renaissance and Baroque. All over San Marino can be seen sculptures. Traditional crafts such as stone carving and ceramics are practiced even today.
The traditional cuisine of San Marino may not surprise you with something unseen, like the tribute are back pizza, pasta, lasagna, etc. Lovers of chocolate will remain fascinated magic in San Marino, if try traditional pie “Torta tre Monti”. Symbolizing the three forts on the higher parts of San Marino, this cake is made from soft and fragrant wafers, arranged in three layers. Among them put cocoa, cream and hazelnut cream, all of which overflows with dark chocolate. Pride of San Marino is the cake “Titan” which is kind of sweet pastry with almonds and peanuts, eggs and honey.
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